Internal Variation: the property of languages having different ways of expressing the same meaning. Importantly, this refers to within language, not across language, differences. (Phones, words, sentences)
Always remember DIALECT is NOT synonymous with accent
What are Isogloss, Dialect boundary, and Dialect continuum?
Criterion of mutual intelligibility
Language issues and non linguistics factors
Prestige (standard vs. non-standard) Overt Prestige vs. Covert Prestige
The standard dialect is the dialect that is associated with prestige in the society at large.
Kinds of variation
• Phonological variations
• Morphological variations
• Syntactic variations
• Semantic variations
Can you give the examples for each?